What are the Types of Depression?

Depression affects people differently. Regardless of what type of depression a person is experiencing and how they are experiencing it, it is primordial to take it seriously. Here are some of the different types of depression:

Seasonal Affective Depression

Seasonal affective depression seems to have a seasonal pattern. It is often triggered by a reduction in daylight hours occurring during fall and winter. Because of this light deficiency, symptoms of depression may arise.

Seasonal affective depression occurring in spring and summer is also not unheard of.

Major Depressive Episode

When several symptoms of depression are present (more than 5) and have been experienced for at least 2 weeks, a diagnosis of major depressive episode can be made, especially if these symptoms have had significant consequences on the way you normally live your life.

A false sense of worthlessness, self-depreciating thoughts and severe delusions (even psychosis) can be associated with this kind of episode.

This disorder can be a once-in-a-lifetime episode, or can be a recurrent event in the course of one’s life.

Dysthymic Disorder

It is a case of chronic depression in which people experience low moods for a long time. One can be diagnosed with dysthymia at least 2 years after exhibiting continuous symptoms such as insomnia, lack of appetite, poor self-esteem or no or little interest and joy in life.

It is a condition that can go for so long, that people suffering from dysthymia may mistakenly think it is a quirk of their own personality, and thus are able to function ‘normally’, thinking this is just the way they are, without ever seeking help or treatment.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression typically occurs 3 month after giving birth, but can show up in the year following. It is a disorder that goes beyond the normal stress and exhaustion of new parenthood – it prevents the mother from accomplishing daily, basic tasks. It is a disorder resulting from hormonal changes, emotional and environmental factors (such as new, stressful new life circumstances), and sometimes, genetic factors.